Tuesday, 22 June 2021

Attends Slip Regular Plus 10 Adult Diaper Review

*For more information on how I do reviews see Diaper Test Methodology

Summary

The Attends Slip Regular Plus 10 is a premium plastic-backed European adult diaper that’s worlds apart from its North American equivalents. It comes at the top range of absorbance for Attends products in Europe, similar to where the Attends Premier Briefs fit in the North American market. This is the only fully plastic-backed diaper in the European line of Attends products and has a lot of similarities to the Tena Slip Active Fit Maxi.

In terms of comfort this diaper is one of the best and in terms of absorbance it can reliably take 2~3 wettings. It has a discreet profile, but the backsheet does produce a fair amount of noise. I feel this diaper is somewhat underrepresented in the world of premium adult diapers. In terms of pricing it’s only a little more than the Abena Delta-Form M3, but this is a much better diaper. If you can find a supplier, I highly recommend giving it a try.


Key Features:

  • Plastic-backing
  • Refastenable tapes
  • Rear waistband
  • Standing inner leak barriers

Pros:

  • Snug/comfortable design
  • Great absorbency/wicking
  • Highly durable
  • Very odor resistant

Cons:

  • Tapes feel a bit weak
  • Can be tough to find


Product Details

For the purpose of this post I will be reviewing and referring to the medium-sized Attends Slip Regular Plus 10 Adult Diaper. However, other available sizes are listed below:


Packaging

Brand: Attends
Manufacturer: Attends Healthcare AB
Origin: EU
Units Per Bag: 14
Cost Per Unit: $$$
Dimensions (L x W x H): 30 cm (11.8") x 19 cm (7.5") x 24 cm (9.5")
Weight: 2.0 kg (4.4 lbs)
Available Sizes: M,L,XL
Advertised Absorbency: Regular Plus

1.1 Attends Slip Regular Plus Packaging

Diaper

Backsheet: Plastic (Poly)
Wetness Indicator: Yes (blue hash symbols down middle, disappear when wet)
Standing Inner Leak Guards: Yes
Leg Gathers: Yes
Product Style: Tab-Style Brief
Refastenable Tabs: Yes
Number of Tapes: 2
Repositionable Tabs: No
Outer Color: White
Inner Color: White
Front Waistband: No
Rear Waistband: Yes
Folded Thickness: 2.3 cm (0.91")
Folded Length: 25 cm (9.84")
Dry Weight: 142 g (5.01 oz)
Fragrance: None
Diaper Dimensions (L x fW x mW x bW): 79 cm (31.1") x 63 cm (24.8") x 28 cm (11") x 59 cm (23.2")
Wing Shape (Front, Rear): Rectangular, Rectangular
Padding Dimensions (L x fW x mW x bW): 64 cm (25.2") x 27 cm (10.6") x 20 cm (7.9") x 31 cm (12.2")
Padding Wing Dimensions (fPW x fPH x bPW x bPH): 3.5 cm (1.4") x 15 cm (5.9") x 5.5 cm (2.2") x 19 cm (7.5")
Padding Wing Shape (Front, Rear): Semicircle, Semicircle
Total Padding Area: 1594 cm2 (247 in2)
Tape Spacing (t1 x t2): 7 cm (2.7") x 19 cm (7.5")
Tape (W x L): 5 cm (2") x 2.5 cm (1")

 

1.2 Attends Slip Regular Plus Diaper


Laboratory Absorbency Tests

Total Absorption Volume (after press out): 1275 ml (40 oz)
Total Absorption Volume (before press out): 1300 ml (40.9 oz)
Time to Absorb Wettings (first to last): (58 s, 41 s, 41 s, 41 s, 49 s)
Wet Folded Thickness: 6 cm (2.36")
Used to Total Padding Ratio: 83%
Total Padding to Absorbency Ratio: 0.71 ml / cm2 (0.16 oz / in2)
Press Out Volume: 25 ml (0.88 oz)

Surface Dampness Rating: 8
The Attends Slip Regular Plus performed impressively in terms of surface dampness with little measurable dampness until the 3rd wetting in the lab test. This performance was confirmed during real world testing where a single wetting would be completely absorbed and barely noticeable and even second wettings didn’t feel particularly damp.

[VIDEO COMING SOON]



2.1 Wet vs Dry Diaper After Capacity Test


2.2 Used vs Unused Padding After Capacity Test


"Real World" Absorbency Tests

Posture Tests


Standing-Sitting

Total Absorbed Volume: 1333 ml (47 oz)
Total Wettings: 2 (1 standing, 2 sitting)
Leaked After Sitting: No
Used to Total Padding Ratio: 100%
Padding to Absorbency Score: 0.84 ml / cm2 (0.19 oz / in2)

Standing-Sitting Rating: 8
The Attends Slip Regular Plus easily absorbed the first wetting while standing with no indication of leakage when sitting shortly afterwards. There was very little surface dampness observed on the first wetting and it quickly subsided. The second wetting while seated was also absorbed quickly, there was a little surface dampness to start but the leak guards did an excellent job at containing it until it was fully absorbed. The diaper continued to feel comfortable in the wet state. On the third wetting a substantial amount of moisture pushed up the front of the diaper and through the side panels, from there it leaked. Overall, feel this diaper can handle 2~3 wettings during daily wear with a high confidence for 2 wettings without leakage, less so for 3.


Lying Down

Total Absorbed Volume: 1158 ml (40.9 oz)
Total Wettings: 4
Used to Total Padding Ratio: 91%
Padding to Absorbency Score: 0.73 ml / cm2 (0.17 oz / in2)

Lying Down Rating: 8
The Attends Regular Plus diaper performed quite well while laying down. The first wetting was completely absorbed within a few minutes. There was some temporary rear surface dampness but that went away. In the second wetting there was a bit more rear surface dampness but again no leakage and it eventually wicked through to the unused padding. The diaper became noticeably saturated on the third wetting, but, surprisingly, the leak guards held all the moisture in and there was no obvious leakage. The rear padding was completely saturated on the 4th wetting but there was only a very small leak and only when I shifted. This diaper just did not want to leak while lying down and the leak guards performed remarkably. I feel it could reliably contain up to 3 wettings while lying down but surface dampness could make it uncomfortable by the third.

2.3 Pattern of Used vs Unused Padding Test Stand/Sit (right) Lying Down (left)


Daily Wear and Bedwetting

The Attends Slip Regular Plus 10 may be the best Attends brand product I’ve tested so far. It has a smooth soft plastic outer backsheet and comfortable padding. This diaper performs right up there with other premium adult diapers with absorbency similar to that of the Tena Slip Active Fit Maxi, but I’ve found the leak guards on this diaper are more effective and it’s less susceptible to minor leaks from pressout. The Attends Slip Regular Plus also stands out for its very effective wicking. A single wetting is quickly dispersed through the padding preventing areas of pooling, which makes it less likely to leak under pressout (e.g. when seated). This diaper is equally well suited for both daily wear or overnight wear. It fits the wearer snugly and has a higher quality rear waistband than its Tena counterpart. When worn overnight, the extensive rear padding coverage and strong leak guards allow it to take up to 3 wettings before leakage will be a concern. The only potential downside in daily wear is that the tapes don’t have a large area of coverage and may slide when worn during active wear (though I’ve never had it happen). Another thing to keep in mind is that this diaper swells a lot when wet, so the diaper may appear much larger after 1~2 wettings. In terms of daily wear it can handle 2 wettings without pressout leakage being a concern upon sitting. When wet it remains comfortable and does a pretty good job at heat distribution. Overall, this is a well rounded diaper that consistently provides good absorption and leak protection for 2~3 wettings.


Suitability for Bowel Incontinence: 8

The Attends Slip Regular Plus is a good choice for those with bowel incontinence. This diaper is full featured with a rear waistband and plastic-backing to reduce odors. The tapes may be a little on the weak side but in testing they didn’t prove to be a problem. On the plus side, this diaper has an extensive area of rear padding and strong inner leak guards. It’s also more spacious than the Tena Slip Active Fit Ultra.


Wear & Tear Tests


Fitting

The Attends Slip Regular Plus features two small double-tape fasteners per side, allowing the diaper to be detached and reattached in the same position. The tapes are relatively small and don’t have a super strong adhesive so they can often be repositioned without tearing the backsheet if done immediately after the initial placement.

3.1 Attends Slip Regular Plus Fastener

Ease-of-Use Rating: 7

I found the Attends Slip Regular Plus to be somewhat similar to the Tena Slip Active Fit Maxi for ease-of-use. This diaper is larger than the Tena Slip Active Fit Maxi so it’s a bit easier to attach the tapes; however, the tapes are also a bit weaker than those of the Tena diaper. The padding is extensive and if you get the tapes right it isn’t tough to get a snug fit. One potential issue I’ve found is that sometimes the plastic bit the tapes are initially placed on can get pulled up when you remove the tape, which would prevent the user from being able to attach it to the backsheet. On the flip side, when removing the tapes sometimes it can pull the entire double tape off. Aside from that, the diaper features a rear waistband to help wrap the diaper around the wearer’s figure. Removing this diaper shouldn’t be an issue and I feel all around it’s about average for a plastic-backed diaper in terms of ease-of-use.

3.2 Attends Slip Regular Plus Diaper Fit

Comfort


Comfort Rating (dry): 9
The Attends Slip Regular Plus has both very soft padding and a very soft plastic backsheet. It also performs very well in terms of heat dispersion for a high absorbency plastic-backed diaper. The leg gathers are a little less comfortable than the Tena Slip Active Fit Maxi. The padding itself isn’t rigid like some high absorbency diapers, keeping it quite flexible for activity. Moreover, the padding is resistant to clumping or tearing.


Comfort Rating (wet): 9
The Attends Slip Regular Plus felt similar to the Tena Slip Active Fit Maxi in terms of comfort when wet. This diaper does a great job at resisting surface dampness and you wouldn’t notice much until the 2nd or 3rd wetting. It is perhaps a little less breathable than the Tena Slip Active Fit Maxi, but provides better leak protection and I still found it did a decent job at dispersing heat buildup. The padding also held together quite well during testing with little in the way of clumping or tearing.

3.3 Attends Slip Regular Plus Topsheet and Backsheet


Durability

Dry Padding Deterioration Proportion: 1.7% (topsheet), 2.3% (backsheet)
Shake Deterioration Test: 6 shakes to deterioration


Durability Rating (dry): 9
The Attends Slip Regular Plus was excellent when it came to dry durability. It held up for over 10 hours of wear with minimal padding deterioration. I found its performance again to be similar to the Tena Slip Active Fit Maxi. At the end of the test the padding had no trouble with multiple wettings as evidence of how well it held up. My primary complaint with the diaper in terms of durability is that the tapes don’t have the best adhesive; it feels a bit flimsy but oddly enough I’ve never had them come detached on me.


Durability Rating (wet): 8
The Attends Slip Regular Plus performed surprisingly well in the wet shake test, only failing after 6 shakes. Moreover, during real world testing this diaper proved quite durable with very little padding clumping or tearing. The only potential issue was that the tapes are somewhat weak and may start to fail with the increasing weight of a wet diaper, but I didn’t have too much of an issue with that. Again I rank it similar to the Tena Slip Active Fit Maxi in terms of durability, though perhaps it would be slightly less resilient in active wear. In terms of avoiding pressout leakage I feel this diaper was a little better


3.4 Attends Slip Regular Plus Dry Test Deterioration


Discretion Tests


Profile

Front Rise Above Waistline (Jeans, Sweatpants): 4.0 cm (1.6"), 4.5 cm (1.8")
Back Rise Above Waistline (Jeans, Sweatpants): 6.5 cm (2.6"), 5 cm (2")
Side Rise Above Waistline (Jeans, Sweatpants): 5.5 cm (2.2"), 5.5 cm (2.2")

Profile Discretion Rating: 8
The Attends Slip Regular Plus doesn’t sag but rather fits quite snuggly reducing the diaper’s impact on profile. The diaper’s flexible padding/backsheet means that it will conform to any tighter clothing worn over it. The padding itself isn’t too thick when dry, but it can swell up considerably when wet and that could cause a diaper bulge. I wouldn’t say it’s as easy to hide as the Tena Slip Active Fit Maxi, but it’s not that far off and its level of profile discretion is impressive for its absorbency.

4.1 Attends Slip Regular Plus Jeans Profile (left) vs Normal Underwear (right)

4.2 Attends Slip Regular Plus Jeans Profile (left) vs Normal Underwear (right)


Noise

Noise Rating: 6
The Attends Slip Regular Plus won’t win any awards for noise discretion. The diaper’s plastic is soft and flexible but produces a very distinctive crinkling noise. It feels like it’s somewhere between the Certainty Adult Diaper and Depends Protection with Tabs in terms of noise discretion. It may be possible to dampen the noise a little by wearing underwear or meshpants over top. Otherwise, this diaper would be quite noticeable in a quiet room.

4.3 Attends Slip Regular Plus Noise Profile

Odor Reduction

Odor Reduction Rating: 10
The Attends Slip Regular Plus is easily among the best diapers for odor reduction. The diaper itself doesn’t have any significant fragrance but it does an excellent job at containing them. It seems like this is due to a combination of factors. The snug fitting design certainly helps some but it seems like the padding itself prevents the release of odors.

Sunday, 9 May 2021

Carnation Adult Diaper Review

*For more information on how I do reviews see Diaper Test Methodology

Summary

The Carnation Adult Diaper is a plastic-backed moderately absorbent diaper widely sold in Taiwan. It appears to be one of the more popular incontinence products sold there, but isn’t widely sold externally. This diaper mirrors the popular Asian style with a landing zone in the front and repositionable tapes. Also notable is the fact that like many other Asian incontinence products this is clearly marketed as a “diaper” as opposed to a “brief” or “slip”.

This diaper has generous padding coverage, but won’t take much more than a single wetting before a change is needed. It’s quite comfortable and is one of the easier diapers to achieve a good fit. In terms of profile it’s quite discreet, but it also has a relatively noisy backsheet that would draw attention in a quiet room. Overall, I feel it would be best used with a booster pad or for light-moderate incontinence but have no complaints in terms of comfort or durability.


Key Features:

  • Plastic-backing
  • Repositionable tapes
  • White backsheet with Greek cross wetness indicators
  • Standing inner leak barriers

Pros:

  • Snug/comfortable design
  • Great durability
  • Odor resistant

Cons:

  • Surface dampness
  • Low absorbency


Product Details

For the purpose of this post I will be reviewing and referring to the medium-sized Carnation Adult Diaper. However, other available sizes are listed below:


Packaging

Brand: Carnation
Manufacturer: KNH Enterprise Co., Ltd
Origin: Taiwan
Units Per Bag: 16
Cost Per Unit: $
Dimensions (L x W x H): 31 cm (12.2") x 19 cm (7.5") x 24 cm (9.5")
Weight: 1.53 kg (3.4 lbs)
Available Sizes: M,L
Advertised Absorbency: High Absorption


1.1 Carnation Adult Diaper Packaging

Diaper

Backsheet: Plastic (Poly)
Wetness Indicator: Yes (blue Greek crosses on backsheet, disappear when wet)
Standing Inner Leak Guards: Yes
Leg Gathers: Yes
Product Style: Tab-Style Brief
Refastenable Tabs: Yes
Number of Tapes: 2
Repositionable Tabs: Yes
Outer Color: White
Inner Color: White (blue Greek cross outline symbols)
Front Waistband: No
Rear Waistband: No
Folded Thickness: 2.0 cm (0.79")
Folded Length: 25 cm (9.84")
Dry Weight: 100 g (3.53 oz)
Fragrance: None
Diaper Dimensions (L x fW x mW x bW): 79 cm (31.3") x 65 cm (25.6") x 33 cm (13") x 65 cm (25.6")
Wing Shape (Front, Rear): Rectangular, Rectangular
Padding Dimensions (L x fW x mW x bW): 65 cm (25.6") x 35 cm (13.8") x 16 cm (6.3") x 39 cm (15.4")
Padding Wing Dimensions (fPW x fPH x bPW x bPH): 9.5 cm (3.7") x 12 cm (4.7") x 11.5 cm (4.5") x 14 cm (5.5")
Padding Wing Shape (Front, Rear): Rectangular, Rectangular
Total Padding Area: 1590 cm2 (246 in2)
Tape Spacing (t1 x t2): 4 cm (1.6") x 11 cm (4.3")
Tape (W x L): 2.5 cm (1") x 3 cm (1.2")

 

1.2 Carnation Adult Diaper


Laboratory Absorbency Tests

Total Absorption Volume (after press out): 675 ml (23.8 oz)
Total Absorption Volume (before press out): 700 ml (24.7 oz)
Time to Absorb Wettings (first to last): (49 s, 62 s, 73 s)
Wet Folded Thickness: 3.5 cm (1.4")
Used to Total Padding Ratio: 83%
Total Padding to Absorbency Ratio: 0.42 ml / cm2 (0.10 oz / in2)
Press Out Volume: 25 ml (0.88 oz)

Surface Dampness Rating: 4
The Carnation Adult Diaper wasn’t remarkable when it came to surface dampness, but it wasn’t awful either. There was noticeable dampness after the first wetting, but not as much as the Certainty, Attends Poly or First Quality diapers. During real world testing the surface dampness was there but didn’t feel as obvious as some of those other diapers. I found it comparable to the Abena DeltaForm M3, though not quite as absorbent.



2.1 Wet vs Dry Diaper After Capacity Test


2.2 Used vs Unused Padding After Capacity Test


"Real World" Absorbency Tests

Posture Tests


Standing-Sitting

Total Absorbed Volume: 675 ml (23.8 oz)
Total Wettings: 2 (1 standing, 1 sitting)
Leaked After Sitting: No
Used to Total Padding Ratio: 94%
Padding to Absorbency Score: 0.42 ml / cm2 (0.10 oz / in2)

Standing-Sitting Rating: 3
The Carnation Adult Diaper was far from the best in terms of standing-sitting performance but not bad for one of the cheaper diapers. The first wetting while standing was fully absorbed without incident. The surface dampness stuck around for a while, but because the diaper is quite spacious and there wasn’t a lot of skin contact it was barely noticeable. No leakage was observed upon sitting, though it felt like sitting immediately after the wetting could have resulted in some leakage. The surface dampness upon sitting was also a bit less than I was expecting. On the second wetting there was moderate leakage from the rear leg gathers. During this wetting there was a bit of wicking up the front and the back of the diaper and again it felt oddly comfortable for a diaper that was saturated and leaking. This diaper will probably handle 1 moderate-to-heavy wetting during daily wear but I would recommend changing soon afterward and wouldn’t push it past that.


Lying Down

Total Absorbed Volume: 525 ml (18.5 oz)
Total Wettings: 1
Used to Total Padding Ratio: 89%
Padding to Absorbency Score: 0.33 ml / cm2 (0.08 oz / in2)

Lying Down Rating: 3
The Carnation Adult Diaper wasn’t remarkable when it came to performance while lying down. It leaked on the very first wetting, albeit it was a heavy wetting and the leak was very small. Aside from a small leak out of the rear leg gathers, once the moisture was absorbed the surface didn’t feel particularly damp and it proved resistant to further pressout leakage. I feel this diaper can generally handle a single moderate-heavy wetting without leaking but I wouldn’t push it past that. The absorbency is pretty similar or perhaps slightly less than the Certainty Adult Diaper.

2.3 Pattern of Used vs Unused Padding Test Stand/Sit (right) Lying Down (left)


Daily Wear and Bedwetting

The Carnation Adult Diaper has a comfortable snug fit but is best suited for light-moderate incontinence and likely won’t hold enough for heavy bedwetting. It’s performance was comparable to the Depend Protection with Tabs and is more practical with the repositionable tapes, but also seems less leak resistant and leaks can be expected after only a single wetting while seated. It holds a little more for bedwetting with its extensive rear padding, but absorption can be slow and pooling might lead to leaks in a restless sleeper. I feel this diaper is best suited for daily wear when it can be changed regularly or with a good booster pad. Without a booster pad, expect about ½ to 1 wetting before leakage occurs. With a booster pad it could be an excellent choice, because its structure is highly durable with strong tapes. Aside from that, it provides pretty good heat distribution as far as plastic-backed diapers go though not quite as good as the Certainty diaper.


Suitability for Bowel Incontinence: 7

The Carnation Adult Diaper seems well suited for those with bowel incontinence. This diaper has an extensive area of padding up its rear and relatively high leg gathers. It has a snug fit around the waist that should help keep odors down coupled with its plastic backsheet. It isn’t the most spacious diaper but still has plenty of room at the rear to reduce skin contact.


Wear & Tear Tests


Fitting

The Carnation Adult Diaper features two tapes per side with a refastenable/repositionable landing zone in the front. The tapes can easily be detached and reattached at a different position if the first fitting isn’t right. The tapes are small but decent quality and will not come undone easily, even after several re-fastenings.

3.1 Carnation Adult Diaper Fastener

Ease-of-Use Rating: 9

The Carnation diaper has a generously sized landing zone and will easily provide a snug fit. In many regards it’s similar to the Certainty diaper; it doesn’t have the landing zone pattern but it’s easier to achieve a snug fit with this diaper. The tapes on this diaper also appear to be a bit stronger and won’t come undone as easily after multiple re-fastenings. The tapes are also easy to remove when the diaper needs a change and it should be easy to use in a care giver setting.

3.2 Carnation Adult Diaper Fit
 

Comfort


Comfort Rating (dry): 9
For a relatively cheap plastic-backed adult diaper, the Carnation diaper is surprisingly comfortable when dry. It features an extensive area of soft padding and does a good job at distributing heat, reducing potential clamminess. The plastic backsheet is smooth and soft and won’t chafe against the legs. I put it at slightly less comfortable than the Certainty diaper, but may be more comfortable in some settings because it fits more snugly.


Comfort Rating (wet): 6
Don’t expect the Carnation diaper to hold more than a single wetting, but the diaper is reasonably comfortable when wet. The surface dampness doesn’t feel as uncomfortable as you might expect because the diaper does a good job at distributing heat and the wet padding doesn’t have much tendency to stick to the skin. Moreover, I didn’t notice considerable padding clumping when wet. It could be a decent daily wear diaper for those with light-moderate incontinence, but isn’t absorbent enough for those with heavy incontinence.

3.3 Carnation Adult Diaper Topsheet and Backsheet


Durability

Dry Padding Deterioration Proportion: 9.9% (topsheet), 8.9% (backsheet)
Shake Deterioration Test: 6 shakes to deterioration


Durability Rating (dry): 7
The Carnation diaper performed reasonably with respect to dry durability. Although it didn’t do so well in terms of overall deterioration performance the key areas of padding held up quite well and the diaper was still in good shape to absorb a wetting at the end of the test. So I’ve scored it a little higher than I might otherwise. For the most part the padding stayed attached to the backsheet, but there was a bit of tearing/compression with modest activity. Aside from that, the wetness indicators appear quite sensitive to light dribbles or sweat.


Durability Rating (wet): 7
The Carnation diaper performed better than expected in the wet durability shake test. It’s partly a result of its padding not carrying a ton of weight, but the padding also seemed pretty durable and didn’t easily come detached from the backsheet. This was confirmed in real world testing, where very little clumping was observed in the wet diaper. It does still suffer from some tearing like it did in its dry state but otherwise the diaper will hold up well when wet (it’s just not absorbent enough that you would expect to wear it wet for long).


3.4 Carnation Adult Diaper Dry Test Deterioration


Discretion Tests


Profile

Front Rise Above Waistline (Jeans, Sweatpants): 2.5 cm (1"), 2 cm (0.8")
Back Rise Above Waistline (Jeans, Sweatpants): 7.5 cm (3"), 6 cm (2.4")
Side Rise Above Waistline (Jeans, Sweatpants): 3.5 cm (1.4"), 3.5 cm (1.4")

Profile Discretion Rating: 7
The Carnation diaper is relatively thin but also quite big in terms of padding area. I found it similar to the Certainty diaper in terms of profile discretion. Generally it should be easy to hide under clothing but you may find it bunch up and form a diaper bulge in tight clothing. The rear of the diaper fits snugly so the problem would be more at the front.

4.1 Carnation Adult Diaper Jeans Profile (left) vs Normal Underwear (right)

4.2 Carnation Adult Diaper Jeans Profile (left) vs Normal Underwear (right)

Noise

Noise Rating: 6
The plastic in the Carnation diaper is pretty flexible but also gives off a distinctive crinkling noise. It’s not among the noisiest diapers on the market and with underwear or mesh pants it may be possible to dampen it so it wouldn’t be noticeable in most situations. However, this is a diaper that would be noticeable when walking in a quiet room.

4.3 Carnation Adult Diaper Noise Profile

Odor Reduction

Odor Reduction Rating: 7
The Carnation diaper may not have high absorbency but it is surprisingly effective when it comes to odor reduction. The padding seems somewhat resilient to odor formation despite the surface dampness. I also credit this diaper’s snug fit and plastic backsheet with assisting in reducing odors.